Co-investigator with Claude Steele on test performance in African Americans and women, Josh Aronson's research seeks to understand and remediate race and gender gaps in educational achievement and standardized test performance. Aronson is a professor of Applied Psychology at New York University, and he has an MA and a PhD in Social Psychology from Princeton University. Aronson is the author of Improving Academic Achievement: Impact of Psychological Factors on Education (Academic Press, 2002), and with Claude Steele "Stereotypes and the Fragility of Human Competence, Motivation, and Self-Concept. In Carol Dweck & E. Elliot (Eds.), Handbook of Competence & Motivation (Guilford 2005).